Design consideration for Industrial Structure
Industrial Structural Engineering is a branch of Civil and Mechanical Engineering and it deals with designing the structural building, bridge, flyover, frameworks for large and small size equipment holding and support such as water tank, pressure vassal, container, conveyor system and many more.
The application area of industrial structure is structural building construction, power sector, thermal power plant, hydro-power sector, fertilizer plant, energy, oil and gas, material handling plant and framework for a shed of residential and commercial building, etc.
The design criteria of industrial structure:
1. This involves understanding the load resisting properties of components such as beams, columns, walls, slabs, plates, arches, shells, etc.
2. The structure constructed acted upon various types of loads.
Different types of loads considered in the design of structure is described below.
i) Dead Loads :
The load due to the self-weight of the structural members forms the dead load. The structural members are columns, beams, loads due to plastering and finishing, wall loads, slab loads, etc. If any element that is stationary and placed permanently on the structure it will be also included as dead load. The dead load or the self-weight of any member can be calculate as the product of its volume and its self-weight.
ii) Live Loads:-
The imposed loads which the structure is subject during the occupancy period is define as live loads. These loads can be either static or dynamic in nature. Sometimes these loads may or may not be present during the use. This situation is common in the industrial buildings and structures, where live loads are from the people, maintenance tools, etc.
While considering live loads in the design, loads that can be form if there is a possibility of future expansion of the structure must be consider. So load probabilities during its lifetime must be consider while designing for live loads.
iii) Wind Loads:-
Wind loads act horizontally on the surface area of the building, on its windward side. Every region or site under consideration comes under a wind zone. Based on the wind zone, the maximum wind speed in the area is calculate. The wind map of the location will give all these data.
Based on the surface area and the building orientation, the wind speed is convert into force. The wind force is calculate with respect to the wind direction. While calculating the wind loads, there is no need to take into consideration the shape of the building or the structural member.
iv) Earthquake Loads:-
Earthquake forces constitute both vertical and horizontal forces on the building. The total vibration caused by earthquakes resolved into three mutually perpendicular directions, usually taken as vertical and two horizontal directions.
The movement in the vertical direction does not cause forces on superstructure to any significant extent. But the horizontal movement of the building at the time of earthquake is to be consider while designing.
The Material of Construction of the structure :
MS plates, Steel Plates, I- Beam at various sizes, C- Channel at various sizes, MS Angle at various sizes. Heavy rails and crane rails, these are require to design and making of Industrial Structure
The Safety precaution consider while designing the industrial structure:-
– Keep work area clean and hazards free
– Required PPE while working and at height above 3 meter
– Use caution Tape in the constriction site
– All the worker and Engineers should have proper safety tanning before working structural constriction