Building Information modeling (BIM) is an intelligent 3D model based process of managing information of project across its whole life cycle. That also helps architecture, engineering ,construction, contractor professionals tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct and manage building and infrastructure projects effectively. – Autodesk
BIM allows stakeholders and AEC (architecture, engineering, construction) , multi disciplinary team to manage and collaborate data at one place. which helps to track project life cycle from start to end.
BIM can implement in various phases of the project. As BIM is a 3D virtual representation of project. Furthermore It adds 4th and 5th dimension as time and cost of the project. This shows a interrelationship between geometry, data, quantities and material and properties of building components.In addition to this an instance if we change a one model BIM will automatically update the model. And its properties in each and every view along with its properties.
Planning and Design
In initial phase of planning and design, designers draw 2D and 3D models of the project. Architecture, engineers, design different models . After finalizing conceptual designs, structural engineers design the structural components of building .Also Other utilities work out by MEP (Mechanical, Electrical, plumbing) designers. Subsequently all the data collected at a one place. After that clash detection is done. definitely this help whether any utilities of structure is clashing with one another. Hence rectify any problems are there any. IN addition the important thing is that especially we can know various problems before the start of the project. This make BIM a better tool and a game changer in construction industry.
Clearly by the use of BIM one can manage and facilitate building structure and its various components throughout its life span. For example, placing of various components in the building, maintaining the structure. In future making any changes in the project itself. As BIM stores every data about contractors, vendors, engineers it is very helpful. BIM can be used to do periodic maintenance of structure.
BIM is very useful tool if implemented correctly. It helps to reduce cost and time of the whole projects. it is also used for energy analysis of structure, cost control, high precision timely delivery of project, material and resource control, documentation of the project.