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Design consideration for Industrial Structure

Design consideration for Industrial Structure

Industrial Structural Engineering is usually considered a branch of Civil and Mechanical Engineering and its deals with designing the structural building, bridge, flyover, frame works for large and small size equipment holding and support such as water tank, pressure vassal, container, conveyor system and many more.

The application area of industrial structure is structural building constriction, power sector, thermal power plant, hydro power sector, fertilizer plant, energy, oil and gas, material handling plant and frame work for shed of residential and commercial building etc.

The design criteria of industrial structure are as follows:

1. It involves understanding the load resisting properties of component such as beams, columns, wall, slabs, plates, arches, shells etc.

2. The structure constructed will be subjected to various types of loads.

Different types of loads that are to be considered in the design of structures are described below.

i) Dead Loads :- The load due to the self-weight of the structural members forms the dead load. The structural members are columns, beams, loads due to plastering and finishing, wall loads, slab loads etc. If any element that is stationary and placed permanently on the structure it will be also included as dead load. The dead load or the self-weight of any member can be calculated as the product of its volume and its self-weight.

ii) Live Loads:- The imposed loads the structures are subjected during the occupancy period are called as live loads. These loads can be either static or dynamic in nature. Sometimes these loads may or may not be present during the use. This situation is common in the industrial buildings and structures, where live loads are from the people, maintenance tools etc.

While considering live loads in the design, loads that can be formed if there is a possibility of future expansion of the structure must be considered. So load probabilities during its lifetime must be considered while designing for live loads.

iii) Wind Loads:- Wind loads act horizontally on the surface area of the building on its windward site. Every region or site under consideration comes under a wind zone. Based on the wind zone, the maximum wind speed in the area is calculated. The wind map of the location will give all these data. Based on the surface area and the building orientation, the wind speed is converted into force. The wind force is calculated with respect to the wind direction. While calculating the wind loads, there is no need to take into consideration the shape of the building or the structural member.

iv) Earthquake Loads:- Earthquake forces constitute to both vertical and horizontal forces on the building. The total vibration caused by earthquake may be resolved into three mutually perpendicular directions, usually taken as vertical and two horizontal directions.

The movement in vertical direction do not cause forces in superstructure to any significant extent. But the horizontal movement of the building at the time of earthquake is to be considered while designing.

The Material of Constriction of the structure are as follows: MS plates, Steel Plates, I- Beam at various size, C- Channel at various size, MS Angle at various size. Heavy rails and crane rails, those are required to design and making of Industrial Structure.

The Safety precaution considered while designing the industrial structure are as follows:-

– Keep work area clean and hazards free

– Required PPE while working and at height above 3 meter

– Use caution Tape in the constriction site

– All the worker and Engineers should have proper safety tanning before working structural constriction

How to reduce product design cost? Non Technical Way

How to reduce product design cost? Non Technical Way

There are several ways to Reduce Design Cost non technical way. Which means using different models, processes, methods and resources… huge cost reduction can be done and current industry is already enjoying its benefits.

– Automate Repeated Work by API, Macro and other Design automation tool

– Standardize Modeling Process, Detailing Process, Drawing Quality Check Tools

– Proper Resource Loading

– Resource Balancing (People Pyramid)

– Check Alternate CAD Software

– Working in Shifts (Better HW/SW utilization)

– Multiple Demographics (for 24/7 time utilization)

– Analysis Led Design

– 3D Print Prototype and Testing

Kindly contact us if you wanted to know more how you can reduce Design Cost for your Organization. Feel free to write us on inquiry@sudarshantech.com

Why IOT product design need a great team?

Why IOT product design need a great team?

Planning for the Internet of Things (IoT) is the structuring of associated items. IoT frameworks join physical and computerized parts that gather information from physical gadgets and convey significant, operational bits of knowledge. IoT item configuration requires different specialty units to meet up.

Industry 4.0 Design Principles

There are four all-inclusive structure standards, forming IoT configuration today utilized by the team.

Interoperability
At the essential level, an associated framework requires sensors, machines, hardware, and destinations, to impart and trade information. Interoperability is the hidden standard all through all Industry 4.0 plan forms.
Data straightforwardness
The fast development of associated gadgets implies persistent connecting between the physical and advanced universes. In this specific situation, data straightforwardness implies that physical procedures ought to be recorded and put away for all intents and purposes, making a Digital Twin.
Specialized help
A driving advantage of IoT, specialized help alludes to the capacity of associated frameworks to give and show information that encourages individuals to settle on better operational choices and unravel gives quicker.
Decentralized choices
The last standard of Industry 4.0 plan is for the associated framework to go past helping and trading information, to have the option to settle on choices and execute necessities as indicated by its characterized rationale.

What is the best IoT plan approach?
There are a few ways to deal with IoT configuration planned for beating the difficulties that IoT presents. First, taking a lean, agile configuration approach. A few item improvement procedures have been adjusted for productive IoT structure and conveyance.

The principal methodology today is a Stage-Gate, in which groups do errands dependent on a nitty-gritty arrangement, audit their results, arrive at an entryway concentrated on the investigation, and at precisely that point, move onto the following stage. Second, consolidating “Structure Thinking.”

The center guideline of configuration, believing is to factor individuals, innovation, and business in all item structure choices. This methodology is client-driven and sees the client’s needs as a vital thought all through the item improvement process. For IoT structure, this is particularly significant as it strengthens the idea that an IoT framework isn’t an objective in it of itself. Yet, instead, a business answer for explicit client needs.

Teamwork
Building an IoT framework requires collaboration. An essential IoT group incorporates an electrical architect, a mechanical specialist, a modern creator, an installed frameworks originator, one back-end designer, one front-end engineer, and an item administrator. One, who will regulate the whole venture. The more learning every individual from the group has about the job of each other colleague, the reason for the framework, and the end client of the context, the better the whole structure will work.

To begin with, you ought to evaluate these necessities with claim your association’s ranges of abilities, specialists, and assets. It’s additionally worth referencing that there are many designing administrations that can give you the space specialists and varieties of skills you have to fabricate your IoT gadget from model to generate.

6 steps to Model Industrial Structure using Solidworks Weldment

6 steps to Model Industrial Structure using Solidworks Weldment

Creation of 3D Curve and Sketches

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Add Structure Members

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Corner Treatment

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Add Plates, Gusset and Angles

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Create Connections

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Add Fasteners

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Comparison between Advance Steel and Solidworks Weldment

SOLIDWORKS - WELDMENT

ADVANCE STEEL

In Solidworks 3D Curve / Sketch are required to be drawn for Structure Elements.
In advance steel you just need to select the end points of line to draw Structure element.
All connections need to be added manually which is good but can give rise to complexities.
At every desired location an automatic connection can be added using Advance Steel Connection Pallet.
Hole Alignment between Structure Elements need to be done manually and can have more chances of misalignment when doing any modifications.
Holes are automatically generated between structural elements and get automatically updated on any modifications.
Weldments are need to defined manually at the time of creating drawings by selecting bodies to be added in that weldment
Weldments are generated at the time of modeling of connections. Also we can add welding by defining the parts to be welded.
Bolted joints and Fastener need to be added manually which makes the work more repetitive and difficult.
Bolted joints automatically come with the connections and also we can add bolted joints manually through connection vault panel.
In solidwroks Ladders, Stairs and Handrail modeling is done manually which is quite time consuming.
It can create Ladders, Stairs and Handrails easily through modeling tools only we need to define the specifications.
Manually part numbering needs to create as you go for each part, this may create a possibility of human error while handling complex projects. And it would be also difficult to predict the point of error in such cases.
After modeling each and every element of the model gets automatic Part numbering and Labeling which distinguishes each element with its adjacent one. This helps in fabrication of similar elements but having different sectional properties.
There is no provision to define feature like Model Role which makes it difficult to identify the functionalities of the element. This might create confusion during erection of assemblies.
Model Role Definitions are inbuilt as per standard structure, member definition and nomenclature. This ensures uniformity of elements with diversification.
All joints need manual efforts to be modeled and therefore this limits the possibility of having better connections.
Advance steel comes with a variety of Joints, available with different forms of structural elements. This is a big advantage as it introduces a collection of connections having wider acceptance.
To know more about how Advance Steel will help you to accelerate your Modeling and Drafting work, get in touch today on inquiry@sudarshantech.com

Top 5 reasons why to use Advance Steel for Modeling

Top 5 reasons to use Advance Steel for Structure Steel Modeling

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Advance Steel is widely used software for Structural Steel Modeling and Detailing. Let’s see there are few reasons are making them more popular among others.

Steel Section Database

Advance Steel contain huge library of Steel Standard Sections. 

All standard sections like Channel, I-Beam, Angle, Pipe, Tube, Plate, Flat bar, Rod and many more profiles available in the standard library.

Also all the size variations in the profile, as shown here for I-Beam, included and user can easily change from one section to another section anytime during the work.

After placing section, user can rotate the profile as per requirements and many more options available in the “Positioning” tab.

 

 

Predefined Connections

Once you create  column and Beam modeling, next step is to apply connections.

Advance  steel offer large range of standard connection. Almost all kinds of connection options available for Column, Beam, Angle, Plates, Ladder, Handrail, Stairs etc.

There are few standard connections are Gusset Plates, Bracing, Miter cut, End Plate, Base  Plate, Anchor Bolt and etc

Handrail and Stair Modeling

There are modeling automation to model Handrail and Ladder in Advance Steel.

Using Advance  Steel Automatic Handrail command, there are lot more variations can be done for handrail modeling. You can select post, number of railing, kickplate options, ladder end options, mounting positions and many more while doing detailed modeling.

For Ladders and Stairs, it cab be done with few clicks and all options of cage, ladder, ladder exit, ladder mount, ladder support and more than that are included in the ladder control main tab.

 

Numbering and BOM Generation

There are predefined Model Roles and Prefix are available to set in the configuration.

Based on that, we can easily perform part numbering and labeling (Like PL 1/2″x7 7/8×8 7/16″ for Plate, L2x2x1/8 for Angle and HSS 4x4x1/8 for Column) for each part.

Apart from that, it gives unique benefits to add whatever details required to add BOM like Material, Coating, Name, Label, Length, Weight and many more details.

User friendly and easy to use for complex structure

Like other AutoDesk product, Advance Steel is also carry all basic features of AutoCAD.

It is as simple as AutoCAD to Modify Advance Steel Model. I think this is  the reason Advance Steel is more popular as Structure Design software. 

apart from listed here, there are many more benefits you will enjoy while working on Advance Steel software to perform Steel Modeling.

Please write on Viral@sudarshantech.com to know more benefits  of Advance Steel. We would be more than happy to address any technical query.

INJECTION MOLD DESIGN FOR PLASTIC PART

We now live in an ever-emergent world of manufacturing; plastics are now used to make the whole lot from automotive spare parts to artificial human body parts. To making critical components and ensure the best possible performance, many manufacturers prefer using plastic injection molding.

What is the uniqueness of plastic injection moldings?

1. The plastic injection molding aid large quantity of plastic nameplates and common plastic signs to be made at once with the same mold and standard.

2. Out of the various molding processes accessible, injection molding is tag the most adaptable, as it can be used to build a variety of parts, ranging in both shape and size. Presses also come in diverse formats, based on the pressure they apply and their tonnage.

3. The Injection molding fundamental principles are quite simple, but the real process can be somehow complex when it comes to maintaining part steadiness. The procedure involves the injection of dissolved plastic into a mold, which is made of steel. The mold itself has hollow space that will form the parts; once injected the molten plastic fill up the hollow space and the rest of the mold. Once settled, the pieces are ejected by pins.

4. Plastic injection molding is an extremely reliable solution for producing massive numbers of accurate, consistent parts. It’s also more proficient and cost-effective than another molding method, in that it provides much less waste. Consequently, injection molding is frequently used for the production of high-quality parts in high quantities.

5. Kudos to injection molding excellent flexibility, it can be used to create virtually everything from large automotive components to small, and complex parts used in surgical apparatus. Injection molding allows for sophisticated customization too as different plastic resins and additives can be used. It enables designers and engineers to construct unique parts to meet highly multifaceted or unusual application needs.

6. The plastic injection molding can be classy to make the molds themselves at first, once constructed, the manufacturing costs become quite cheaper. Indeed, injection molding is the most preferred for the production of very high volumes of precise parts; once production begins the cost per part drops drastically, making the process very cost-effective for high-volume production.

To maximize the effectiveness of Plastic Injection Molding, the following tips need utmost consideration and implications.

a. Oneness is best: Stable wall thicknesses all through your product part will give the best flow. The standard wall thickness is expected to be between 2-3mm.

b. Simplicity is better: Avoid undercuts, which means the areas that cannot be shaped through the simple open or shut direction of a tool. When simplicity doesn’t work, lifter and slides allow features to be formed that are undercuts in the main pull track. At this point, leave at least 2 to 3 times the width of the feature to help the lifter or slide to travel.

c. The conversion from thick to thin: Product parts will shape better if plastic flows through features moving from larger to smaller wall thickness starting from the opening, that is where the plastic first run in to fill the part.

d. A sink is wrong: This is a local surface depression on a part due to the thicker part of the plastic cooling little by little. To lessen or get rid of the visibility of blemishes on makeup surfaces, it is imperative to follow these recommended guidelines below:

➢ Rib bases should be 60% or lower than the wall thickness.
➢ Try to keep away from ribs, gates, and screw bosses on the back side of vital cosmetic surfaces.
➢ Rib heights must be 3x or less of the wall thickness.

Design Consideration for Plastic Components Design

Plastic today is widely used for product development. The reason for this massive usage can be easily credited to its light weight, strength and low cost for reproduction while its benefits are so numerous which includes corrosion resistant, clean finishing product, odorless, absorb less water, chemical inerrant, recyclable and many more.

USEFULNESS OF PLASTICS IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES

Plastics are generally used in multiple sectors majorly as parts to accomplished desire objectives such as safety, fashion or durability. The automobile industry, for instance, uses plastic for manufacturing different components such as bumpers and dashboards, the consumer industry use plastic to create an enclosure for mobiles phone, keyboard, and display panel for television and so on.

When beginning a plastic parts design project that involves plastic parts, no matter the objectives, one may want to consider some rudiments on the front end of the design process which could save time and money along the production phase of the project. The following design considerations are vital in plastic parts designing for maximum benefits:

1. UNIFORM WALL THICKNESS: 

As a designer, you might want to ensure that the wall thickness of your part is as consistent as possible. Good idea! In case you don’t have a standard wall thickness, the uneven wall thickness dramatically increases the possibility of longer cooling times, sink marks, material flow restrictions and voids. If wall thickness must be irregular, it is wise to have smooth transitions that taper over some distance.

2. STRUCTURAL SUPPORT

One of the attributes of a good product designer is to know the minimize amount of material needed to fill a part thereby increasing its structural integrity. Thin walls require some support so that the walls do not collapse. Ribs are usually employed on molded parts to harden relatively slim parts. Ribs, bosses and another outcrop on the piece part wall immensely strengthen the parts. However, if done wrongly can contribute to other molding problems such as non-fills and sink marks.

3. AVOID UNDERCUTS

Undercuts on your part won’t necessarily make it more difficult to mold your part, but rather more difficult to demold. The undercut portion of the plastic part may get trapped inside your mold once the part is cooled and hardened, and in turn making it impossible to demold from the mold without other mold actions. Frequently, undercutting is required for part function. Side actions, as well as lifting mechanisms, have to be set up to your tool to deal with the demolding of the part.

4. WATCH THE SHARP CORNERS

Sharp edges are to be avoided entirely. Edges like corners of a square hole make a part with high levels of molded-in stresses. These most times result in weak points that result in part malfunction and cracking. Adding radii to sharp corners decreases the amount of molded-in stress. Radii reallocate the stress more consistently and aid the flow of the material and remover from the mold. Stresses swiftly build whenever the inside corner is less than 25% of the typical wall thickness of the part.

5. SECONDARY OPERATION OR MOLDED IN

At times you have elements that must be fixed inside parts. It’s important to consider if they get molded in, presses or welded in after the molding has taken place. With this in mind, both processes are practicable and balls down to financing of the operation. At this stage, you need to decide whether to go for a higher priced tool that can contain inserts to be molded over or do you have to press them into the part after the fact. If you have a low production project, it might wish considering a post-molding process, and for a long project, it might be more profiting to have the inserts molded in.

6. GATING AND EJECTION

The gate location is the area where the material flows into and filling the cavity of the part. It is significant to keep in mind where you plan to gate your part and perhaps make provision. Before you conclude on your gate, consider these questions:
• Am I permitted to have a gate mark where I am picturing?
• Is the gate located where material can flow from a thick-walled to a thinly walled area of the part?

7. MATERIAL SELECTION

The material selection procedure can be as easy as an internet search for the material of an accessible part already on the market, or as intricate as identifying every single prerequisite and material property from the start. The first thing is to identify the requirements needed for such particular application and give answers to question such as: Is there a precise application? What are special property requirements there? Sometimes the best thing to do is to call up the material supplier for recommendations.
• Polyethylene terephthalate (PETE or PET)
• Polyethylene (PE)
• Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
• Polypropylene (PP)
• Polystyrene (PS)
• Polylactic Acid (PLA)
• Polycarbonate (PC)
• Acrylic (PMMA)

The list above is the tip of an ice bag for design considerations for plastic part design, consulting an expert for your next plastic part design is the best belt. Click Here for the best plastic design project.