Industrial Structural Engineering is usually considered a branch of Civil and Mechanical Engineering and its deals with designing the structural building, bridge, flyover, frame works for large and small size equipment holding and support such as water tank, pressure vassal, container, conveyor system and many more.
The application area of industrial structure is structural building constriction, power sector, thermal power plant, hydro power sector, fertilizer plant, energy, oil and gas, material handling plant and frame work for shed of residential and commercial building etc.
The design criteria of industrial structure are as follows:
1. It involves understanding the load resisting properties of component such as beams, columns, wall, slabs, plates, arches, shells etc.
2. The structure constructed will be subjected to various types of loads.
Different types of loads that are to be considered in the design of structures are described below.
i) Dead Loads :-
The load due to the self-weight of the structural members forms the dead load. The structural members are columns, beams, loads due to plastering and finishing, wall loads, slab loads etc. If any element that is stationary and placed permanently on the structure it will be also included as dead load. The dead load or the self-weight of any member can be calculated as the product of its volume and its self-weight.
ii) Live Loads:-
The imposed loads the structures are subjected during the occupancy period are called as live loads. These loads can be either static or dynamic in nature. Sometimes these loads may or may not be present during the use. This situation is common in the industrial buildings and structures, where live loads are from the people, maintenance tools etc.
While considering live loads in the design, loads that can be formed if there is a possibility of future expansion of the structure must be considered. So load probabilities during its lifetime must be considered while designing for live loads.
iii) Wind Loads:-
Wind loads act horizontally on the surface area of the building on its windward site. Every region or site under consideration comes under a wind zone. Based on the wind zone, the maximum wind speed in the area is calculated. The wind map of the location will give all these data.
Based on the surface area and the building orientation, the wind speed is converted into force. The wind force is calculated with respect to the wind direction. While calculating the wind loads, there is no need to take into consideration the shape of the building or the structural member.
iv) Earthquake Loads:-
Earthquake forces constitute to both vertical and horizontal forces on the building. The total vibration caused by earthquake may be resolved into three mutually perpendicular directions, usually taken as vertical and two horizontal directions.
The movement in vertical direction do not cause forces in superstructure to any significant extent. But the horizontal movement of the building at the time of earthquake is to be considered while designing.
The Material of Constriction of the structure are as follows:
MS plates, Steel Plates, I- Beam at various size, C- Channel at various size, MS Angle at various size. Heavy rails and crane rails, those are required to design and making of Industrial Structure.
The Safety precaution considered while designing the industrial structure are as follows:-
– Keep work area clean and hazards free
– Required PPE while working and at height above 3 meter
– Use caution Tape in the constriction site
– All the worker and Engineers should have proper safety tanning before working structural constriction
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