Plastic today is widely used for product development. The reason for this massive usage can be easily credited to its light weight, strength and low cost for reproduction while its benefits are so numerous which includes corrosion resistant, clean finishing product, odorless, absorb less water, chemical inerrant, recyclable and many more.
USEFULNESS OF PLASTICS IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES
Plastics are generally used in multiple sectors majorly as parts to accomplished desire objectives such as safety, fashion or durability. The automobile industry, for instance, uses plastic for manufacturing different components such as bumpers and dashboards, the consumer industry use plastic to create an enclosure for mobiles phone, keyboard, and display panel for television and so on.
When beginning a plastic parts design project that involves plastic parts, no matter the objectives, one may want to consider some rudiments on the front end of the design process which could save time and money along the production phase of the project. The following design considerations are vital in plastic parts designing for maximum benefits:
1. UNIFORM WALL THICKNESS:
As a designer, you might want to ensure that the wall thickness of your part is as consistent as possible. Good idea! In case you don’t have a standard wall thickness, the uneven wall thickness dramatically increases the possibility of longer cooling times, sink marks, material flow restrictions and voids. If wall thickness must be irregular, it is wise to have smooth transitions that taper over some distance.
2. STRUCTURAL SUPPORT
One of the attributes of a good product designer is to know the minimize amount of material needed to fill a part thereby increasing its structural integrity. Thin walls require some support so that the walls do not collapse. Ribs are usually employed on molded parts to harden relatively slim parts. Ribs, bosses and another outcrop on the piece part wall immensely strengthen the parts. However, if done wrongly can contribute to other molding problems such as non-fills and sink marks.
3. AVOID UNDERCUTS
Undercuts on your part won’t necessarily make it more difficult to mold your part, but rather more difficult to demold. The undercut portion of the plastic part may get trapped inside your mold once the part is cooled and hardened, and in turn making it impossible to demold from the mold without other mold actions. Frequently, undercutting is required for part function. Side actions, as well as lifting mechanisms, have to be set up to your tool to deal with the demolding of the part.
4. WATCH THE SHARP CORNERS
Sharp edges are to be avoided entirely. Edges like corners of a square hole make a part with high levels of molded-in stresses. These most times result in weak points that result in part malfunction and cracking. Adding radii to sharp corners decreases the amount of molded-in stress. Radii reallocate the stress more consistently and aid the flow of the material and remover from the mold. Stresses swiftly build whenever the inside corner is less than 25% of the typical wall thickness of the part.
5. SECONDARY OPERATION OR MOLDED IN
At times you have elements that must be fixed inside parts. It’s important to consider if they get molded in, presses or welded in after the molding has taken place. With this in mind, both processes are practicable and balls down to financing of the operation. At this stage, you need to decide whether to go for a higher priced tool that can contain inserts to be molded over or do you have to press them into the part after the fact. If you have a low production project, it might wish considering a post-molding process, and for a long project, it might be more profiting to have the inserts molded in.
6. GATING AND EJECTION
The gate location is the area where the material flows into and filling the cavity of the part. It is significant to keep in mind where you plan to gate your part and perhaps make provision. Before you conclude on your gate, consider these questions:
• Am I permitted to have a gate mark where I am picturing?
• Is the gate located where material can flow from a thick-walled to a thinly walled area of the part?
7. MATERIAL SELECTION
The material selection procedure can be as easy as an internet search for the material of an accessible part already on the market, or as intricate as identifying every single prerequisite and material property from the start. The first thing is to identify the requirements needed for such particular application and give answers to question such as: Is there a precise application? What are special property requirements there? Sometimes the best thing to do is to call up the material supplier for recommendations.
• Polyethylene terephthalate (PETE or PET)
• Polyethylene (PE)
• Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
• Polypropylene (PP)
• Polystyrene (PS)
• Polylactic Acid (PLA)
• Polycarbonate (PC)
• Acrylic (PMMA)
The list above is the tip of an ice bag for design considerations for plastic part design, consulting an expert for your next plastic part design is the best belt. Click Here for the best plastic design project.