Have you ever visited an industry and observed its basic structure, the all you have seen must be having steel structured assemblies covering the entire industry. These assemblies might be on another steel supporting structure mostly column or on the concrete structure.
Why steel structures are common to every industry? The simplest answer is space. Space accommodation is best available through steel structures only. It is very important to have an effective space management in industries like manufacturing (automobiles, food production), processing (rubber, textiles, pharmaceutical) etc.
When an industry grows its demands as well as its capacity also increases and at such times we require more space to handle the growing output. Suppose you have only concrete structures and you want to expand for more storage, is it possible to build without destructing the structure? It’s no because a concrete structure is immovable and need to be demolished first for next construction, all these things require a huge amount of time with variable cost. Industries are time bounded because the products need to be furnished on time to be available in the market on time.
All these problems are overcome by steel structures, if the industries expand and need more space for more equipment or installations then just remove the bolted assembly and place them on the desired location or you can introduce a new supporting assembly also. Every movement of structure does not create any disturbance in the working of industries therefore it is very suitable.
Generally Industrial structures are huge and it comprises of Columns, beams, purlins, raftars, rigid frame, truss assembly etc. One must consider –
- Its design must be done according to the codes as well as the load it has to carry throught its lifetime.
- The long spans and minimal use of internal columns that are easily and cost effectively achieved with steel construction offer the maximum opportunity for the building to be able to accommodate change efficiently.
- Steel buildings can be easily modified, strengthened and extended. The facility to extend the structure at some future stage can be incorporated into the original design and construction details.
Early return on investment is particularly important for retail and logistics companies and therefore speed of construction is vital. This can affect the design in many ways that are perhaps not immediately apparent. For example:
- The layout and components can be designed so that parallel rather than sequential construction can take place
- Interfaces between trades need to be minimised
- Collaborative discussion between trades will be needed to ensure that, whatever is decided, all aspects of
- Construction can proceed quickly and safely.
Fabrication and Erection
Structural steel components are pre-fabricated off-site by a steelwork contractor; any protective coatings that are required can be applied at this stage. Site activity is primarily an assembly operation, bolting steelwork parts together, which leads to short construction programmes. The building can be made weathertight quickly, allowing the following on trades early access to commence their work.